RELATION OF HYPERTENSION WITH BODY MASS INDEX AND AGE IN MALE AND FEMALE POPULATION OF PESHAWAR, PAKISTAN

Anjum Humayun, Arbab Sher Shah, Riffat Sultana

Abstract


Background: Hypertension, a condition developed as a result of high blood pressure is strongly
correlated with body mass index (BMI). Obesity was noted to be a single best predictor of
hypertension incidence, and was regarded as a major controllable contributor to hypertension.
Overweight and obesity is conveniently determined from BMI. Present study was conducted in
Khyber Medical College (KMC) Peshawar to investigate the relation of hypertension with BMI
and age. The objective of the present investigation is to establish a relationship between
hypertension and BMI in male and female population of Peshawar with consideration of age.
Methods: This study was conducted at KMC, Peshawar during 2008–2009. A total of 1006 adult
male and female volunteers were the subject of present research and were categorised in terms of
their ages. BMI was determined from weight and height; the subjects were grouped as normal,
overweight and obese. Hypertension was determined from the measure of blood pressure. Results:
The results show a consistence relation between BMI and hypertension within age groups in both
male and females. The figures exhibited a relation of age with BMI and hypertension in both
males and females subjects. Conclusion: The results showed a higher trend of hypertension with
increasing BMI. In young females it was noted that with a shift from normal BMI the incidence of
hypertension was very high.
Keywords: Hypertension, BMI, blood pressure

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