PULMONARY ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATION (PAVM): RARE CAUSE OF HEMOPTYSIS
AbstractPulmonary arterio-venous malformation is an abnormal communication between pulmonary arteries and pulmonary veins. These lesions are rare and are an important part of the differential diagnosis of common pulmonary problems such as hypoxemia and pulmonary nodules. Pulmonary arterio-venous malformation was diagnosed in a 33 year old man who presented with recurrent episodes of haemoptysis and also had taken anti-tuberculous treatment (ATT) before. Pulmonary angiography revealed fistulous communication between right bronchial artery and right pulmonary vein. He was treated by lobectomy.Keywords: Arterio-venous malformations, Angiography, Lobectomy
Churton T. Multiple aneurysms of the pulmonary artery. Br Med J 1897;1:1223–5.
Allen SW, Whitfield JM, Clarke DR, Sujansky E, Wiggins JW. Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation in the newborn: a familial case. Pediatr Cardiol 1993;14:58–61.
Gossage JR, Kanj G. Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation. Am J Respir Critl Care Med 1998;158(2): 643–61.
White RI, Mitchell SE, Barth KH, Kaufman SL, Kadir S, Chang R., et al. Angioarchitecture of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations: an important consideration before embolotherapy. Am J Roentgenol 1983;140:681–6.
Bosher LH, Blade DA, Byrd BR. An analysis of the pathologic anatomy of pulmonary arteriovenous aneurysms with particular reference to the applicability of local excision. Surgery 1959;45:91-104.
Sloan RD, Cooley RN. Congenital pulmonary arteriovenous aneurysm. Am J Roentgenol 1953;70:183–210.
Adams HP, Subbiah B, Bosch EP. Neurologic aspects of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Arch Neurol 1977;34:101–4.
Goodenberger DM. Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. In: Fishman AP, editor. Fishman’s Pulmonary Diseases and Disorders. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998;p.1375–85