EFFECT OF ESTRADIOL LEVELS ON PREGNANCY OUTCOME IN OBESE WOMEN
AbstractBackground: The incidence of obesity in women of reproductive age group has encountered problemsof infertility with frequent referral to reproductive clinics. In order to know whether increase in bodymass index (BMI) is associated with poor reproductive outcome, current study was aimed to relatewomen’s BMI, estradiol (E2) levels, and clinic pregnancy rates after intra cytoplasmic sperm injection(ICSI). Methods: Quasi experimental design of 323 women was conducted from June 2010 till August2011. Women were grouped on the basis of BMI; Group A, BMI <18 (underweight); Group B, BMI18–22.9 (normal weight); Group C, BMI 23–25.9 (overweight); and Group D, BMI ≥26 (obese).Procedure of ICSI commenced by down regulation of ovaries followed by controlled ovarianstimulation. Oocyte pickup was done 36 hours after ovulation induction by hCG, eggs fertilised in vitrowere graded and only blastocysts were transferred. Serum samples of basal E2, peak E2 (day of hCGadministration) and mid-luteal E2 (7 days after egg collection) measured by ELISA were compared inall BMI groups. Pregnancy outcome of these was categorised as: no conception β-hCG <5 mIU/ml,preclinical abortion with β-hCG >5 mIU/ml, no cardiac activity on transvaginal scan (TVS) and clinicalpregnancy with β-hCG >5 mIU/ml and cardiac activity on trans-vaginal scan. Results: Obese womenwith BMI ≥26 had lowest basal, peak and mid-luteal E2 with minimum clinical pregnancy ratescompared to rest of the groups. Conclusion: A high BMI is associated with decreased E2 levels in allphases of ovarian cycle and has a negative impact on pregnancy outcome.Keywords: Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection, Body mass Index, Estradiol, Obesity, Infertility
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