EFFECT OF MATERNAL ANAEMIA ON BIRTH WEIGHT
AbstractBackground: Anaemia is a common medical problem in pregnancy. The extent up to which,maternal anaemia effects maternal and neonatal health is still uncertain. Maternal anaemia iscommonly considered a risk factor for low birth weight (LBW) babies. Some studies havedemonstrated a strong association between low haemoglobin before delivery and LBW babies.However, others have not found a significant association. Therefore, there is insufficient informationto assess the overall adverse impact of anaemia during pregnancy. The aim of this study was todetermine whether maternal anaemia would affect the birth weight of the baby and compare this withthat of non-anaemic mothers. It was a cross-sectional comparative study carried out at the maternityward of Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi. Methods: One hundred subjects divided into twogroups each containing 50 subjects on the basis of consecutive non probability sampling wereincluded in the study. Group-A included 50 Anaemic pregnant women and Group-B 50 non-anaemicpregnant women. Information was collected by direct interviewing method through a precodedstructured questionnaire. The Hb level and birth weights were taken from the labour room record.Results: The mean age of the mothers in anaemic group was found to be older than the non anaemicgroup, i.e., (29.44 versus 27.98), though the difference was statistically non significant. The numberof low birth weight infants (64%) was statistically very highly significantly more (p<0.001) in theanaemic group of mothers than the non anaemic group (10%). Conclusion: The results of this studyshow an association of maternal anaemia in pregnancy with increased risk of LBW babies.Keywords: Maternal anaemia, Perinatal outcome, Low birth weight.
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