• Faris QB Alenzi
  • Mahmoud Lotfy
  • Wasam Nasif
  • Mohamed El- Shahat
  • Hasan Abusini
  • Mohamed Alenazi
  • Fawwaz A Alenazi
  • Waleed G Tamimi
  • Mohamed L Salem


Background: There is a dire need in the Arab world and Middle Eastern countries to reform thehigher education, research policy and planning for improving the quality to meet the needs ofmodern society. The impact factor (IF) was developed in the 1960s by Eugene Garfield of theInstitute for Scientific Information (ISI) in the USA. It has been extensively used for more than 40years. The SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) indicator belongs to this new family of indicators basedon eigenvector centrality was introduced since 2007. The SJR indicator is a size-independentmetric aimed at measuring the current ‘average prestige per paper’ of journals for use in researchevaluation processes. Methods: We present the status of the biomedical scientific research in theMiddle Eastern countries through the newly developed SJR indicator showing some of theproposed ways that clearly can be applied for enhancing and development of that field in theMiddle Eastern countries. Results: During the period from 1996 to 2008, Northern America,Western Europe and Asiatic region are the major contributors of the scientific researchWorldwide. In the Middle East, the prominent two main Arab countries are Egypt and SaudiArabia, nevertheless, they need more planned strategies for optimal contribution to their MiddleEast, Arab region and the World, despite the tangible achievements of the Arab states in the highereducation and scientific research during the last decade. Conclusion: The SJR is seeminglysatisfactory for ranking the countries for their scientific contribution and impact.Keywords: Biomedical Research, Middle East, SJR


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