BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH IN THE MIDDLE EASTERN COUNTRIES: UPDATE AND INSIGHT USING SCIMAGO JOURNAL RANK INDICATOR
AbstractBackground: There is a dire need in the Arab world and Middle Eastern countries to reform thehigher education, research policy and planning for improving the quality to meet the needs ofmodern society. The impact factor (IF) was developed in the 1960s by Eugene Garfield of theInstitute for Scientific Information (ISI) in the USA. It has been extensively used for more than 40years. The SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) indicator belongs to this new family of indicators basedon eigenvector centrality was introduced since 2007. The SJR indicator is a size-independentmetric aimed at measuring the current ‘average prestige per paper’ of journals for use in researchevaluation processes. Methods: We present the status of the biomedical scientific research in theMiddle Eastern countries through the newly developed SJR indicator showing some of theproposed ways that clearly can be applied for enhancing and development of that field in theMiddle Eastern countries. Results: During the period from 1996 to 2008, Northern America,Western Europe and Asiatic region are the major contributors of the scientific researchWorldwide. In the Middle East, the prominent two main Arab countries are Egypt and SaudiArabia, nevertheless, they need more planned strategies for optimal contribution to their MiddleEast, Arab region and the World, despite the tangible achievements of the Arab states in the highereducation and scientific research during the last decade. Conclusion: The SJR is seeminglysatisfactory for ranking the countries for their scientific contribution and impact.Keywords: Biomedical Research, Middle East, SJR
Garfield E. The history and meaning of the journal impact factor.
Garfield E. How can impact factors be improved? BMJ
Garfield E. Citation analysis as a tool in journal evaluation.
Schöpfela J, Prostb H. Le JCR facteur d’impact (IF) et le
SCImago Journal Rank Indicator (SJR) des revues françaises:
une étude (comparative comparison of SCImago Journal Rank
Indicator (SJR) with JCR journal impact factor (IF) for French
journals). Psychologie Française 2009;54(4):287–305.
Flisher AJ. Does the impact factor have too much impact? S Afr
Med J 2009;99(4):226–8.
Kurmis AP. Understanding the limitations of the journal impact
factor. J Bone Joint Surg 2003;85-A:2449–54.
Whitehouse GH. Impact factors: facts and myths. Eur Radiol
Lankhorst GJ, Franchignoni F. The ‘impact factor’ –an
explanation and its application to rehabilitation journals. Clin
Seglen PO. Why the impact factor of journals should not be used
for evaluating research. BMJ 1997;314:498–502.
Campbell P. Escape from the impact factor. Ethics Sci Environ
Hobbs R. Should we ditch impact factors? BMJ 2007;334:569.
Falagas, ME, Kouranos VD, Arencibia-Jorge R,
Karageorgopoulos DE. Comparison of SCImago journal rank
indicator with journal impact factor. FASEB J 2008;22:2623–8.
SCImago Research Group. Description of SCImago Journal
Rank Indicator. Retrieved April 16, 2010, from
http://www.scimagojr.com/SCImagoJournalRank.pdf and the
SJR indicator: A new indicator of journals’ scientific prestige.
Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/0912/
bin Tareef A. Scientific research in Jordanian higher education
institutions: an evaluation of the status and obstacles. J
Instructional Psychol June 2009.
Badr AZ, EI-Nazer H, EI-Tayeb M. Practical solutions of
scientific research problems in Egypt. J Egypt Wom Dermatol
A decade of higher education in the Arab States: achievements &
challenges. Regional report for UNESCO regional bureau for
education in the Arab States, Beirut, Lebanon, June 29, 2009. pp