FREQUENCY OF CEREBRAL INFARCTION AND HAEMORRHAGE IN THE PATIENTS OF STROKE
AbstractBackground: Stroke is rapidly developing phenomena of symptoms and signs of focal, and at timesglobal, loss of cerebral function with no apparent cause other than that of vascular origin. TheObjective was to know the frequency of cerebral infarction and haemorrhage in one hundred patientsof stroke in a period of one year. Methods: Data was collected by consecutive sampling technique.Total one hundred patients of stroke were collected for the study. They were assessed through adetailed history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, previous stroke, transient ischemicattack (TIA), previous myocardial infarction, angina, atrial fibrillation, alcohol intake, drugs used forhypertension/diabetes mellitus. Blood pressure was recorded at arrival and 24 hours after admission.Results: There were 70% males and 30% females. Twenty percent of the patients were in the agerange of 51–60 years, 26% of the patients were in the age range of 61–70 years and 18% were in theage range of 71–80 years. Cerebral infarction was present in 72% patients while cerebralhaemorrhage was present in 28% patients. Hypertension was the most common risk factor amongthese stroke patients. Average blood pressure was 180/100 mmHg. Conclusion: Cerebral infarctionis the commonest form of stroke. Hypertension is the leading risk factor in stroke patients.Keywords: Cerebral Infarction, Cerebral haemorrhage, Hypertension, Stroke
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