• Anjum Humayun
  • Arbab Sher Shah
  • Riffat Sultana


Background: Hypertension, a condition developed as a result of high blood pressure is stronglycorrelated with body mass index (BMI). Obesity was noted to be a single best predictor ofhypertension incidence, and was regarded as a major controllable contributor to hypertension.Overweight and obesity is conveniently determined from BMI. Present study was conducted inKhyber Medical College (KMC) Peshawar to investigate the relation of hypertension with BMIand age. The objective of the present investigation is to establish a relationship betweenhypertension and BMI in male and female population of Peshawar with consideration of age.Methods: This study was conducted at KMC, Peshawar during 2008–2009. A total of 1006 adultmale and female volunteers were the subject of present research and were categorised in terms oftheir ages. BMI was determined from weight and height; the subjects were grouped as normal,overweight and obese. Hypertension was determined from the measure of blood pressure. Results:The results show a consistence relation between BMI and hypertension within age groups in bothmale and females. The figures exhibited a relation of age with BMI and hypertension in bothmales and females subjects. Conclusion: The results showed a higher trend of hypertension withincreasing BMI. In young females it was noted that with a shift from normal BMI the incidence ofhypertension was very high.Keywords: Hypertension, BMI, blood pressure


Obesity: Mosby’s Dental Dictionary, 2nd edition, 2008,

Elsevier Inc.

Grundy SM and Nicola Abate, “Obesity”. Chapter 2,

Secondary Heart Disease (Systemic Diseases and The Heart)

,CAR–S8 02(1463-1468). Available at:


Majid Ezzati, Martin H, Skjod S, Hoorn SV. Trends in

National and State-Level Obesity in the USA after correction

for self-report bias: Analysis of Health Surveys. J R Soci

Med 2006;99:250–7.

Jafar TH; Chaturvedi N, Papps G, Prevalence of Overweight

and Obesity and their Association with Hypertension and

Diabetes Mellitus in an Indo-Asian Population. CMAJ


International Obesity Task Force Press Statement (embargo

Monday August 25 2003–1 pm BST). Available at:

Malnick SDH, Knobler H. The Medical Complications of

Obesity. Q J Med 2006;99:565–79.

Ghosh JR, Bandyopadhyay AR. Comparative Evaluation of

Obesity Measure: Relationship with Blood Pressures and

Hypertension. Singapore Med J 2007;48(3):232.

Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation and

Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults. NIH

Publication No. 98–4083, September 1998.

Low S, Chin MC, Ma S, Heng DM, Deurenberg-Y. Rationale

for Redefining Obesity in Asians. Review Article Ann Acad

Med Singapore 2009;38:66–74.

Brown CD, Higgins M, Donato KA, Rohde FC. Body Mass

Index and the Prevalence of Hypertension and Dyslipidemia.

Obesity Research 2000;8:605–619.

Tassaduqe K, Ali M, Salam A, Latif M. Hypertension in

Relation to Obesity, Smoking, Stress, Family History, Age

and Marital Status among Human Population of Multan, Pak

J Med Sci 2004;35:30–5.

Huang Z, Willet WC, Manson JE, Rosner B. Body Weight,

Weight Change and Risk for Hypertension in Women. Ann

Int Med 1998;128(2):81–8.

Hu FB, Willett WC, Li T, Stampfer MJ. Adiposity as

Compared with Physical Activity in Predicting Mortality

among Women. N Engl J Med 2004;351:2694–703.

Mertens IL, Van Gaal LF. Overweight, Obesity and Blood

Pressure: The Effect of Modest Weight Reduction, Obesity

Res 2000;8:270–8.