WAIST HIP RATIO AS AN INDEX FOR IDENTIFYING WOMEN WITH RAISED TC/HDL RATIOS
AbstractBackground: Obesity cannot be described solely as fat mass but the location of fat deposition is very important to determine the relation between obesity and disease. Abdominal type of obesity is linked to risk factors of atherosclerosis and to metabolic disease. Waist Hip Ratio (WHR) is a practical, simple and non-invasive index of adipose tissue distribution. Methods: We looked for a relation between WHR and TC/HDL-C ratios of a group of postmenopausal women. All the subjects in each major group were of comparable age and BMI, but the WHR varied from subject to subject. Each group was sub-divided into three tertiles based upon the WHR. Serum total cholesterol (TC) and HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) values were determined for all the subjects and TC/HDL-C ratio, which is a recognized CHD risk screening index was calculated. Results: The WHR distribution was significantly different in postmenopausal women from the pre-menopausal controls, and most of the postmenopausal women showed android type of obesity with no subject in the tertile with least WHR. It was noted that the TC/HDL-C ratio increased in direct proportion with the increase in WHR and its mean value was above the desirable value in both the tertiles of postmenopausal women. The test performance characteristics of WHR showed that WHR is a sensitive and specific index for screening of high TC/HDL-c ratio. Conclusion: We conclude that WHR (at a cut-off point of 0.84) can serve as a sensitive and specific outpatient screening index to detect postmenopausal women with an elevated TC/HDL-C ratio.
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