USE OF RADIOLOGICAL DIAGNOSTIC MODALITIES IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL – HOW DO THE CLINICIANS DECIDE ABOUT TYPE OF MODALITY AND CLINICIAN PERCEPTION REGARDING HAZARDS ASSOCIATED WITH RADIOLOGICAL IMAGING MODALITIES?
Keywords:Radiological modalities, hazards, clinician, perception, MTI-ATH
AbstractBackground: In the past few decades there is rapid advancement in technology and hence tremendous innovations in diagnostic imaging. This has increased our ability to diagnose illness and monitor response to treatment in a manner which was not previously possible. As compared to previous times, there is also more easy availability of these diagnostic imaging modalities in our hospitals. Therefore, easy and frequent availability harbour the risk of injudicious use of these tests as well. This study is conducted to know the views of consultants about it. Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in Ayub Medical Institute MTI from March 2021 to July 2021. The data was collected through a self-administered anonymous questionnaire. Results: A total of 250 clinicians participated in the study with 54% males. Majority of them (n=140) 56% answered that consultants on round and on duty in OPD decide special radiological investigations for the patients. Most of them (90%, n=225) were aware of radiation hazards in CT, X-rays and fluoroscopy. Conclusion: The referring physicians working at MTI ATH Abbottabad have enough basic knowledge regarding the practice of radiological modalities but were unaware of specific health hazards and radiation doses to the patients associated with the use of these imaging modalities.
WHO. Radiation Hazardsl; 2005. [Internet]. World Health Organization [cited 2016 Aug 25]. Available from: http://www.who.int
Javed H, Imran M, Nazir QU, Fatima I, Humayun A. Increased trend of unnecessary use of radiological diagnostic modalities in Pakistan: Radiologists’ perspective. Int J Qual Health Care 2019;31(9):712–6.
Bobrow M. Radiation induced disease. Ciba Found Symp 1993;175:182–92.
Scanff P, Donadieu J, Pirard P, Aubert B. Population exposure to ionizing radiation from medical examinations in France. Br J Radiol 2008;81(963):204–13.
Brenner DJ. Fractionation and late rectal toxicity. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2004;60(4):1013–5.
Salaam AJ, Iyua KO, Danjem SM, Salaam AA, Egbo BO, Modebe EO, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice of radiology among physicians in a tertiary care hospital in North central Nigeria. J Adv Med Med Res 2020;32(4):16–23.
Günalp M, Gülünay B, Polat O, Demirkan A, Gürler S, Akkas M, et al. Ionising radiation awareness among resident doctors, interns and radiographers in a University Hospital Emergency Department. Radiol Med 2014;119(6):440–7.
Bwanga O. Knowledge, attitude and practices of referring medical practitioners regarding the justification of radiological medical examinations at Ndola Teaching Hospital of Zambia. EAS J Radiol Imaging Technol 2019;3(1):78–88.
Lee CI, Haims AH, Monico EP, Brink JA, Forman HP. Diagnostic CT scans: Assessment of patient, physician and radiologist awareness of radiation dose and possible risks. Radiology 2004;231(2):393–8.
Arslanoğlu A, Bilgin S, Kubal Z, Ceyhan MN, Ilhan MN, Maral I. Doctors’ and intern doctors’ knowledge about patients’ Ionizing radiation exposure doses during Common Radiological Examinations. Diagn Interv Radiol 2007;13(2):53–5.
Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad is an OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL which means that all content is FREELY available without charge to all users whether registered with the journal or not. The work published by J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad is licensed and distributed under the creative commons License CC BY ND Attribution-NoDerivs. Material printed in this journal is OPEN to access, and are FREE for use in academic and research work with proper citation. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad accepts only original material for publication with the understanding that except for abstracts, no part of the data has been published or will be submitted for publication elsewhere before appearing in J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. The Editorial Board of J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad makes every effort to ensure the accuracy and authenticity of material printed in J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. However, conclusions and statements expressed are views of the authors and do not reflect the opinion/policy of J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad or the Editorial Board.
USERS are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.
AUTHORS retain the rights of free downloading/unlimited e-print of full text and sharing/disseminating the article without any restriction, by any means including twitter, scholarly collaboration networks such as ResearchGate, Academia.eu, and social media sites such as Twitter, LinkedIn, Google Scholar and any other professional or academic networking site.