• G. Sarwar Riaz
  • Tahira Perveen
  • Ghazala Perveen


ABSTRACT:The concept of defective cervix resulting in habitual pregnancy loss was described as early as17th Century. The recent concept of incompetent cervix in certain women with recurrent pregnancyloss was introduced only 35-ycars ago. Since then little progress has been made in clearlyunderstanding the pathophysiology of cervical incompetence or in clearly defining its diagnosis. Atpresent there are various surgical procedures involving cervical encirclage. Over the year’s variousworkers have done randomised prospective trials with the emphasis on various techniques and theadvantages and disadvantages of each procedure. Most of these procedures involved a circlagearound the cervix in some fashion.


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