EARLY COMPLICATIONS OF ELECTIVE AND EMERGENCY TRACHEOSTOMY
AbstractBackground: Tracheostomy is a life saving procedure when it is performed for an appropriateindication and surgical technique. The aim of this study was to compare the early complications ofelective and emergency tracheostomy in our setup. Methods: This comparative study was conductedat the ENT Department, Hayatabad Medical Complex (HMC) from March 2009 to March 2010. Atotal of 100 patients included in this study were divided in to two equal groups, group A undergoingelective tracheostomy and group B undergoing emergency tracheostomy. The results of hundredpatients were compared and analysed from stand point of age, sex, disease pattern, operativeprocedure and postoperative complications associated with tracheostomy. Results: A total of 100patients were included with age ranging from 17 to 88 years. The average age was 35 years inelective cases and was 32 years in emergency cases. The male to female ratio was 2.9:1 in electivecases and 4.6:1 in emergency cases. The overall complications rates were 38% in elective cases and56% in emergency cases. Conclusion: Early complications of emergency tracheostomy are morecommon than elective tracheostomy.Keywords: Tracheostomy, complications
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