FREQUENCY OF METABOLIC SYNDROME IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE-2 DIABETES
AbstractBackground: Diabetes, Hypertension, Obesity and Ischaemic Heart Disease have become a problemof public health magnitude with substantial economic burden both in the developed as well as thedeveloping countries. Obesity is quite frequent in Type 2 diabetics and also plays a central role incausing Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). Metabolic Syndrome significantly increases the incidence ofcardiovascular complications. This study was done to determine the frequency of MetS in our Type 2diabetic patients as most of the components of MetS can be modified and identifying/managing these atan early stage might be of considerable help in reducing cardiovascular complications. Methods: Thiscross-sectional study was done in Medical ‘B’ and Medical ‘A’ wards of Ayub Teaching Hospital,Abbottabad from Nov, 08 to April, 09. Type 2 Diabetic patients aged above 40 years who gaveinformed consent were included in the study. Data was collected through a structuredproforma.Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome was estimated according to the IDF consensus worldwidedefinition of the MetS. Results: Of the 100 patients enrolled in this study 56 were females and 44 weremales with a mean age of 59.9 years. Out of these 100 participants seventy six (76%) were diagnosed tohave metabolic syndrome. Of the 56 females, forty eight (85.71%) were having metabolic syndromewhile twenty eight (63.63%) of the 44 male participants were having the syndrome. The difference wasstatistically significant (p<0.05). Conclusion: Frequency of MetS was found to be significantly high inthis study with female preponderance. All the components, except Hypertension were more frequent infemales. Diabetic patients with metabolic syndrome need more aggressive approach in management soas to decrease the incidence of cardiovascular complications.Keywords: Metabolic Syndrome, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Cardiovascular Complications
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