TUBERCULOUS LYMPHADENITIS IN AFGHAN REFUGEES
AbstractBackground: Tuberculosis is a disease of poor countries. The war-stricken Afghan refugees, owing to abject poverty, illiteracy, lack of social awareness and poor hygienic conditions, are highly susceptible to tuberculosis. This study was conducted to assess the frequency of peripheral lymph node tuberculosis in Afghan refugees. Methods: One thousand lymph node biopsies from Afghan refugees were examined histopathologically. The diagnosis was undertaken on morphological grounds. Lymph nodes containing caseating epithelioid cell granulomas were identified as tuberculous. Age and sex of the patient and site of biopsy were also recorded. Results: Sixty nine percent of the nodes revealed tuberculosis. Male: Female ratio was 1:1.2. Of all the cases 72% cases were 10–30 years of age. The most common site involved was neck that was involved in 79% of cases. Conclusions: Tuberculous lymphadenitis has an alarmingly high prevalence in Afghan refugees of NWFP.
Bloom BR, Murry CJL. Tuberculosis: Commentary on reemergent killer. Science 1992; 257: 1055.
Raviglione MC, Snider DE, Kochi A. Global epidemiology of tuberculosis: morbidity and mortality of a worldwide epidemic. JAMA 1995; 273: 220.
Danpat MC, Mishra BM, Dash SP, Kar PK. Peripheral lymph node tuberculosis: a review of 80 cases. Br J Surg 1990; 77: 911-912.
Abdullah P, Mubarak A, Zahir N. The importance of lymph node biopsy in diagnosis of lymphadenopathy. JCPSP 2000; 10(8): 298-301.
Mustafa MG, Chiemchanaya S, Srivannabom S, Nityanat P. Accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology in the evaluation of peripheral lymphadenopathy. J Med Assoc Thai 1997; 80 suppl 1: 5155-61.
Bancroft JD, Harry CC. Manual of histological techniques. Ist edition Churchill Livingstone. 1984: 20.
Hemalatha K, Grace K, Kulkarni G, Job CL. Tuberculous lymphadenitis in South India-a histopathologic and bacteriologic study. Tubercle 1972; 53: 215-20.
Danpat MC, Padhi NC, Nanda BP. Peripheral lymph node tuberculosis-a comparison of various methods of management. Indian J Tuberculosis 1986; 33: 20-3.
Patel RV, Mehta RT. Short term chemotherapy in tuberculous lymphadenitis. Indian J Surg 1987; 33: 20-3.
Pamra SP, Mathur GP. A cooperative study of tubercular cervical adenitis. Indian J Med Res 1974; 62: 1641.
Fraser HS. Peripheral tuberculous lymphadenitis. Br J Dis Chest 1965; 59: 164.
Hooper AA. Tuberculous peripheral lymphadenitis. Br J Surg 1972; 59: 353-9.
Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad is an OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL which means that all content is FREELY available without charge to all users whether registered with the journal or not. The work published by J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad is licensed and distributed under the creative commons License CC BY ND Attribution-NoDerivs. Material printed in this journal is OPEN to access, and are FREE for use in academic and research work with proper citation. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad accepts only original material for publication with the understanding that except for abstracts, no part of the data has been published or will be submitted for publication elsewhere before appearing in J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. The Editorial Board of J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad makes every effort to ensure the accuracy and authenticity of material printed in J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. However, conclusions and statements expressed are views of the authors and do not reflect the opinion/policy of J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad or the Editorial Board.
USERS are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.
AUTHORS retain the rights of free downloading/unlimited e-print of full text and sharing/disseminating the article without any restriction, by any means including twitter, scholarly collaboration networks such as ResearchGate, Academia.eu, and social media sites such as Twitter, LinkedIn, Google Scholar and any other professional or academic networking site.