SERUM VITAMIN A LEVELS IN CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS OLD

Authors

  • Shahid Rauf
  • Nasreen Sharif
  • Abdul Hamid

Abstract

Background: Vitamin A deficiency is considered to be a wide spread public health problem among preschool children in the developing countries. A pilot study for the nutritional problems in Pakistan showed that majority of the children in the study group was suffering from vitamin A deficiency. Methods: This study was carried out to assess the vitamin A status of children under five belonging to different socioeconomic groups. They were divided into two groups. Their weight for age criterion fell within the reference range set by Pakistan Pediatric Association in accordance with National Center for Health Statistics. The vitamin A levels were determined spectophotometrically by using trifluoroacetic acid. Results and Conclusion: The results suggested a significant difference in the levels of Vitamin A in children belonging to high and low socioeconomic groups, suggesting the role of socioeconomic factors in determining the vitamin A status of the body.

References

Buyukgebiz B, Ozalp I, Oran O. Investigation of serum vitamin A levels of children who had a history of recurrent diarrhea and acute respiratory infections in Ankara. J Trop Pediatr 1990;36:251-255.

Compas FA, Flores H, Underwood BA. Effect of an infection on vitamin A status of children as measured by the relative dose response. Am J Clin Nutr 1987;45:91-94.

Coutsoudis A, Broughton M, Coovadia HM. Vitamin A supplementation reduces measles morbidity in young Africans: a randomized placebo controlled double blind trial. Am J Clin Nutr 1991;54:890-895.

Fredikzon BO, Hernell O, Blackberg L, Olivecrona T. Bile salt stimulated lipase in human milk: evidence of activity in vivo and of a role in the digestion of milk retinal esters. Pediatr Res 1978;12:1048-1052.

Hopkin FG. Feeding experiments illustrating the importance of accessory factors in normal dietaries. J Physiol 1912;44:425-460.

Humphrey JH, West KP, Sommer A. Vitamin A deficiency and attributable mortality among under –5-years old. WHO 1992;70(2):225-232.

Mahmud SH. Report on survey of nutrition related factors in selected areas of Azad Kashmir. Planning and Development Division Islamabad.1976: 1-30.

McCollum EV, Davis M. The influence of certain vegetable fats on growth. J Biol Chem 1915;21:179-182.

Neeld JB Jr, Pearson WN. Macro and micro method for the determination of serum vitamin A using trifluoroacetic acid. J Nutr 1979;63:454-462.

Nutritional Survey of West Pakistan 1970. A report issued by the directorate of Nutrition survey and research. Ministry of Health, Labour and Family Planning, Government of Pakistan.

Nutritional Survey of West Pakistan 1965. A report issued by the Directorate of Nutrition survey and research. Ministry of Health, Labour and Family Planning, Government of Pakistan.

Downloads

Most read articles by the same author(s)