PATTERN OF HOMICIDAL DEATHS IN FAISALABAD
AbstractBackground: Homicide is a reflection of extreme aggression. Many factors influence such a behavior. Family environment, urbanization and the presence of weapons. We conducted this study on autopsies conducted at the department of forensic medicine, Punjab Medical College Faisalabad to know the dimensions of homicide in terms of age, sex, weapons involved and seasonal variation if any. Methods: The study encompasses all 188 cases of homicide reporting for autopsy at the department of forensic medicine, Punjab Medical College Faisalabad from July 2001 to June 2002.The cases were categorized on the basis of police inquest and autopsy findings. Results: The homicide rate in Faisalabad was 8.3/100,000population/year. The age of predilection was the third decade of life and males outnumbered females by a ratio of 3.47:1. A firearm was used in almost 50% of the cases. A surge in the summer months was noticed. Conclusion: Homicide rate is high inFaisalabad. Firearms are the major weapon used for committing homicide.Key Words: Homicide, Firearms, Autopsy.
Mant AK. Taylor’s Principles and practice of medical jurisprudence.13th ed. New Delhi: B.I. Churchill Livingstone; 1994: 215.
Mason JK, Purdue BN. The Pathology of Trauma. 3rd ed. London: Arnold; 2000:462-4.
Bureau of Justice Statistics Key Facts at a Glance Homicide Rate Trends.htm [cited on 12/11/02].
Aziz K, Rana P, Malik SA. Homicide in Lahore. Pakistan Postgraduate Medical Journal 1999; 10(1):10-13.
Ali SMA, Rizvi SIH, Ali MA, Chaudry TH. Weaponary Patterns in The Homicidal Deaths In Bahawalpur.The Professional 2000;7(4):514-6.
Qadir G, Aziz K.The Study of Homicidal Deaths in Larkana. Pakistan Postgraduate Medical Journal 2000;11(2):79-80.
Chughtai BR, Uraizy SMH, Rashid MA, Chaudry TH, Ahmed B, Qureshi GAA. The Professional 2002;9(4):316-9.
Whitman S, Benbow, Good G. The epidemiology of homicide in Chicago. J Natl Med Assoc 1996;88(12):781-7.
Nwoso SO, Odesanmi WO. Pattern of homicides in Nigeria—the Ile- Ife experience. West Afr J Med 1998;17 (4):236-8.
Concha-Eastman A, Espitia VE,Espinosa R, Guerrero R. Epidemiology of homicides in Cali, Columbia,1993-1998:six years of a population-based model. Rev Panam Salud Publica 2002;12(4):230-9.
Batten PJ, Hicks LJ, Penn DW. A 28-year (1963-90) study of homicide in Marion County, Oregon. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1991;12(3):227-34.
Lowry PW, Hassig SE, Gunn RA, Mathison JB. Homicide victims in New Orleans: recent trends. Am J Epidemiol 1988;128(5):1130-6.
Chu LD, Sorenson SB. Trends in California homicide, 1970 to 1993. West J Med. 1996;165(6):297-8.
Lo M, Vuletic JC, Koelmeyer TD. Homicides in Auckland, New Zealand.A 14-year study. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992;13(1):44-9.
Duflou JA, Lamont DL, Knobel GJ. Homicide in Cape Town, South Africa. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1988;9(4):290-4.
Myers WC, Blasfield R. Psychopathology and personality in juvenile sexual homicide offenders. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 1997;25(4):497-508.
Avis SP. “Homicide in Newfoundland: A Nine Year Review”. Journal of Forensic Sciences 1996;41(1):101-5.
Lester D. Suicide and homicide in Costa Rica. Med Sci Law 1995;35(4):316-8.
Memon MU, Khalil ZH, Aziz K, Kaheri GQ,Khalil IR.Audit of cases autopsied in the mortuary of Khyber medical college Peshawar during the year 1999. Annals 2001;7(3):190-3.
Rosenberg ML. Violence in America: an integrated approach to understanding and prevention. J Health Care Poor Underserved 1995;6(2):102-12.
Pridemore WA. What we know about social structure and homicide: A review of the theoretical and empirical literature. Violence Vict 2002;17(2):127-56.
Kennedy HG, Iveson RC,Hill O. Violence, homicide and suicide: strong correlation and wide variation across districts. Br J Psychiatry 1999;175:462-6.
Dahlberg LL. Youth violence in the United States. Major trends, risk factors, and prevention approaches. Am J Prev Med 1998;14(4):259-72.
Blumstein A. Youth, guns, and violent crime. Future Child 2002;12 (2): 38-53.
Srch M. Medico-legal investigation of 66 homicides. Soud Lek 1979;24(1):7-14.
Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad is an OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL which means that all content is FREELY available without charge to all users whether registered with the journal or not. The work published by J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad is licensed and distributed under the creative commons License CC BY ND Attribution-NoDerivs. Material printed in this journal is OPEN to access, and are FREE for use in academic and research work with proper citation. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad accepts only original material for publication with the understanding that except for abstracts, no part of the data has been published or will be submitted for publication elsewhere before appearing in J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. The Editorial Board of J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad makes every effort to ensure the accuracy and authenticity of material printed in J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. However, conclusions and statements expressed are views of the authors and do not reflect the opinion/policy of J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad or the Editorial Board.
USERS are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.
AUTHORS retain the rights of free downloading/unlimited e-print of full text and sharing/disseminating the article without any restriction, by any means including twitter, scholarly collaboration networks such as ResearchGate, Academia.eu, and social media sites such as Twitter, LinkedIn, Google Scholar and any other professional or academic networking site.