• Abdul Wahid
  • Sajjad Ahmad


Fifty cases clinically presenting with ulcerative lesions in oral cavity and oropharynx were biopsied. All caseshistologically revealed carcinoma. The study included 25 males and 25 females. The age range was from below 20years to above 50 years. There were 2 cases in age group up to 20 years, both were females. The maximum numberof cases (28/50) was in age group 41-60 years. All cases had positive history of oral tobacco use in the form of naswarof variable duration and quantity. All the cases clinically presented with ulcerative lesions. The maximum number ofcases was carcinoma gum (14/50). The next common site was tongue (10/50 cases). There were 7 cases of carcinomaof oropharynx. Histologically 48/50 cases were of squamous cell carcinomas of varying grades of differentiation.There was one malignant melanoma and one Adenocarcinoma.


Pakistan Medical Research Council cancer study group.

(1977). Multicentre study of malignant tumours.

PMRC Monograph. NO.6. Karachi, Pakistan Medical

Research Council (1982)

WHO (1984) Control of Oral cancer in developing

countries. Bulletin of the World Health Organization,

: 817-830.

Metha, F.S., Pindborg, J.J. Gupta, P.C. et at. (1969).

Epidemiologic and histologic study of oral cancer and

leukoplakia among 50, 915 villagers in India. Cancer,

:832- 849

Jussawalla. D.I and Desphande, V.A (1971) Evaluation

of cancer risk in tobacco chewers and smokers; an

epidemiologic assessment. Cancer 28:244-252.

Metha, F.S., Daftary, D.K, Pindborg, J.J. et at. (1972).

An Epidemiologic study of oral cancer and

precancerous conditions, India. J. Cancer, 10:134-141.

Jafarey, N.A., Zaidi, S.H.M. (1976) Frequency of

malignant tumours in Jinnah Postgraduate Medical

Center, Karachi. JPMA., 26: 57-60.

Chaudhry, N.A. (1977) A study of carcinoma of oral

cavity and oropharynx, its relationship with herpes

simplex virus and immune status. Ph.D. Thesis, BMSI,

University of Karachi.

Jafarey, N.A., Mahmood, Z. And Zaidi, S.H.M. (1977)

Habits and dietary pattern of cases of carcinoma of oral

cavity and oropharynx. JPMA. 340-343.

IARC. Tobacco habits other than smoking, IARC

monograph n Evaluation of the carcinogenic risk of

chemical to human37, Lyon: IARC, 1985.

WHO Study Report on Smokeless Tobacco Control.

WHO, Geneva, 1987.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

<< < 1 2