RELATIONSHIP OF GLYCAEMIA AND TRIGLYCERIDES WITH BMI IN DIABETIC PATIENTS

Arshad Parvez, Ihsan ullah, Ahmad Rafiq, Nisar Ahmad, Ejaz Hassan Khan

Abstract


Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterised by chronic
hyperglycaemia with disturbances in carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism arising from defect
in insulin secretion or action or both. The clinical guidelines recommend measurement of BMI as
“vital signs” for evaluating the obese and diabetic patients. Methods: This study was carried out
on 160 diabetics, which were divided on the basis of BMI into obese (120) and non-obese (40)
diabetics from Peshawar district. All patients had their triglycerides and glucose checked after
over night fast. Results: The serum triglyceride in diabetics having BMI >30 (obese) was
increased as compared to patients having BMI <30 (non-obese). The comparison of serum glucose
level in obese diabetics was found to be significantly raised as compared to non-obese diabetics.
Conclusions and Recommendations: It was concluded that dyslipidemia is common in all
diabetics. The abnormal triglyceride level can improve with good glycaemic control, but do not
reach the normal state. Good glycaemic control, Reducing BMI, periodic checkups of lipids and
blood glucose are recommended for all diabetics in order to avoid complications.
Keywords: Triglyceride, BMI, obese, non-obese, type 2 diabetics

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