Nadim Khan, Muhammad Naeem, Adil Bangash, Asad ullah, Muzaffaruddin Sadiq, Haris Hamid


Background: To evaluate the early outcome of Lichtenstein’s technique for repair of inguinal
hernia using polypropylene mesh. Methods: This was a descriptive study conducted over a period
of twelve months from 1st July 2007 to 30th June 2008 in Surgical ‘B’ unit, Lady Reading
Hospital, Peshawar. One hundred and twelve patients were received through the out patient
department with diagnosis of inguinal hernia. Inclusion criteria was patients above the age of 18
years, reducible hernia, evidence of swelling in groin >2 months. Exclusion criteria was age less
than 18 years, chronic constipation, chronic cough, symptoms of prostatism, irreducible hernia,
obstructed hernia, strangulated hernia and patients with diabetes mellitus. All the patients were
subjected to inguinal mesh repair using the Lichtenstein technique with polypropylene mesh.
Results: Mean age of patients was 48.78±14.41 years. Sixty patients (53.6%) had right sided
inguinal hernia while 46 patients (41.1%) had a left sided hernia and 6 patients (5.4%) had
bilateral hernia. Sixty two patients (55.4%) had indirect hernia and 43 (38.4%) cases had direct
hernia. Sixteen cases (14.3%) had previous history of surgery for hernia on the same side (recurrent
hernia). Mild pain was observed in 53 cases (47.3%), moderate pain in 42 cases (37.5%), and
severe pain in 17 cases (15.2%). Four patients (3.6%) in all developed a seroma Two patients
(1.8%) developed a haematoma that required drainage. Three patients (2.7%) had a prolonged
recovery and presented with abdominal distension. Five cases presented with infected wounds.
Conclusion: Lichtenstein’s technique of inguinal mesh repair is a safe and effective procedure but
emerging trends anticipates the implementation of day case surgery.
Keywords: Inguinal hernia, Lichtenstein technique, open mesh repair, hernioplasty, Prosthesis.


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