• Rahman Ghani
  • Rizwan ullah
  • Syed Humayun Shah


ABSTRACTThirty-two cases of oro-oesophageal carcinoma were treated in the DHQ TeachingHospital, Abbottabad, in two years from January 1988 to December 1989. In 100% cases of OralCarcinoma the relation was positive with tobacco. Where as in 92% cases of oesophageal carcinomathe association with tobacco use was found. The cigarettes and smokeless tobacco used both showeda synergistic affect.


Peachvi I. Tarih (Istambul) AH 1283: 1:365

Christen AG, Swanson BZ, Glover ED, Henderson, Ah, Smokeless d tobacco The folk lore and

social history of snuffing, sneezing dipping and achieving. The Am. J Dent. Assoc (1982) 105, 821-

Doll R, Hill AD. Smoking and Carcinoma of the lung: Preliminary Report. BMJ. 1950, 11: 739-48.

Wynder EC, Graham EA. Tobacco smoking as a possible etiological factor in bronchogenic

carcinoma JAMA. 1950; 143: 329-36.

Reed PI. Oesophageal reflux. The practitioner. 1985; 224:357-63.

Mehboobi E. The epidemiology of oral cavity, pharyngeal and oesophageal cancer outside of North

America and Western Europe Cancer. 1977; 40: 1879-86.

Schottenfield D. Snuff dippers cancer. N. Engl, J. Med. 1986; 304: 778-9

Rosenfeld L, Callaway J. Snuff dippers. Am, J. Surg. 1963; 106: 840-4.

McMichael AJ. Oral cancer in third world int. J. Epidimiol. 1984; 13: 403-5.

Shah SH. Health effects of tobacco. JAMC, 1989; 2(1): 32-6.

Shklar G, et al., Effects of smokeless tobacco and snuff on oral mucosa of experimental animal. J.

Oral Maxilofac. Surg. 1985l 43: 80-6

Most read articles by the same author(s)

<< < 1 2